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How to Build a Deck

Decks are the ideal expansion to any home. Deck construction is a commitment to a DIY venture. It takes some work; however, this article elaborates on step-by-step instruction on obtaining your perfect deck and is a deck building guide for each stage. The initial step is to plan out details, ideas and then to consider numerous elements before you settle on your official choice.


Regardless of which sort of deck you choose to construct, you’ll need an arrangement set up to guarantee everything goes easily. It’s additionally crucial to remember the construction laws while arranging your deck. These will direct things like where you can put your footings and how high your deck can be. Checking with your municipal office is imperative before beginning this project.

Plan what materials and tools you require before beginning. Ask your nearest hardware store what other materials you could require pertaining to your specific deck design.

Tools: Drill Driver, Shovel, Jig Saw, Handsaw, Line Level, String, Hammer

Stage 1: Preparing the Site

The primary phase of building a deck with physical labour involves setting up the site.

Whenever you’ve arranged your deck and got the blueprint of where it This is important to guarantee that your deck is strong for quite a long time to come. Grab the shovel and dig to eliminate any grass or weeds from this specific area on your working space. Your fundamental concern is to provide yourself with a level working space as could reasonably be expected.

This will be significant later in the venture when you burrow openings for footings or areas for concrete that should be done on level ground. Cautiously mark out where the lumber beam will connect to your house as it will support and secure the side of the deck that is next to the house. The level at which the highest point of the header board rests ought to be equivalent to the level of your joists, which will shape the system whereupon the surface decking will lie. It is important to level out the header along with ensuring its proper height. Now, mark out the area for the footings on the working space.

Stage 2: Install the Lumber Beam/ Ledger

The lumber beam is normally a 2 x 10 or 2 x 12 board will be attached to the structure of your home allowing it to be the structural part of your deck. The lumber beam is then connected over the metal flashing with fasteners or screws. Make a point to seal behind the beam with caulk to additionally guarantee no water can enter.

Stage 3: Install Vertical Posts

Presently, you will introduce the vertical posts into the design that will uphold the beams and ledger, which will, thusly, offer the primary structural support for the beam. Furthermore, as your building plans and building inspection should state; digging holes to pour concrete is the next step which allows for us to fix 6 x 6 or 4 x 4 beams.

Posts can be implanted into the poured concrete itself, however, a superior strategy is to utilize cardboard cylinder structures and then install metal posts in the wet cement at the highest point of the structure. The wooden beams are then connected on these anchors after the poured concreted has dried.

Laying and attaching your beams and posts accurately will assist with guaranteeing a precise and easier process.

Stage 4: Install Support Beams

Traditionally at this point, the installation of beams is done. The initial step to building a deck outline is to develop the beam that will uphold the floor joists that will be joined to the lumber beam. The beam will comprise of two 2″ x 10″ sheets screwed together. The beam of the deck will be cantilevered, which implies the joists will reach out past the lumber beam. This helps the overall look. To help the beam, utilize metal beam saddles which allows it to be held in place by joining the beams to 4″ x 4″ posts.

Stage 5: Install Joists

To construct the deck structure, utilize 2″ x 8″ sheets. Most materials have a characteristic to easily curve. While choosing the sheets for your joists, hold the board in front so you can look down the edge. You’ll have the option to see any twisting or bends simpler that way. The sides that go up or “crown” should be set with the joists. This ensures and adds more strength to the framework of your deck.

Attach your joist areas on the beams and afterward introduce joist holders. Put the joists into joist holders; screw in the joists at full length and cut them down after they have been placed securely. By utilizing this strategy you’re guaranteed a straight front of the deck, regardless of whether the house itself isn’t exactly straightforward. On the facade of the deck, another 2″ x 8″ board is required to be connected to the ends of the joists. This is known as the header. Slice and screw the header to the edge joist. To add additional strength to the deck, you can add a couple of more layers of 2″ x 8″ sheets to the header. With that, the structure and frame of your deck are finished.

Stage 6: Lay the Decking

Presently your deck is starting to come to fruition and appear as imagined. The subsequent stage is to join decking sheets, which will regularly be 1x 4 or 1 x 6 timber, or a material of your choice. Firstly, calculate how many sheets you will need.

Determine the start of your first sheet which provides you to space out for the rest of them. Install the sheets by drilling screws through the sheet and into the joist below until you have reached your last decking sheet. Lastly, after your sheets have been placed, trim the overhanging and extended deck sheets aligned with your deck frame.

Last Steps

Allow your deck to dry and configure it into place naturally before installing stairs and railings. Flight of stairs configuration can be very muddled, particularly if a deck is a high one. But a flight of stairs may be needed for the safety of all. Assemble the design and tread of each stair which allows you to attach it to the deck and screw it in. Stain and paint and this complete your deck for you to utilize.


Use our form to estimate the initial cost of renovation or installation.

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Living Construction has been a leading renovations and home improvement company in Toronto for many years. Specializing in custom decks, porches, and landscaping, we have helped many homeowners across Toronto and the GTA get the home of their dreams, adding curb appeal and value to their property.

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